In the past five years, northern Nigeria has witnessed a heavy dose of conflict due to the activities of armed bandits (AB) and Boko Haram (BH) insurgents. The statistics as regards the casualties depends on who you are talking to (Salkida 2014, Aljazeera, 2014).
Many analysts associate the phenomenon of rural banditry (RB), and indeed BH insurgency with the failure of the state to provide security and basic services for the populace. The principle of the triangle of criminality (Women's Defense Institute, 2010) posits that for a crime like RB to occur, there should be:
*A motivated offender, in this case the rural bandit attracted by cattle, goats and sheep. The cattle, in particular, have high economic value and are easily disposable. Sometimes, the abduction of women, girls and boys could be part of the mix.
*An available and suitable target. Suitable targets are the unprotected citizens in rural Nigeria.
*No authority figure to prevent the attack from taking place because many rural areas remain ungoverned.
The foregoing triangle exhibits the vulnerability of the rural populace to attacks by armed bandits and insurgents who constantly wreak havoc in their domain. My current research has identified and compiled a list of needy women in Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) camps who need micro-credit to overcome contemporary economic challenges of day-to-day existence, while other aspects of CT like the military option continue. I am ready to use my resources to fund the pilot phase of the project, after which local & international agencies would be approached to fund subsequent stages of the project.
Ethnicity and social differences have been deployed as tools to divide and generate conflict among various groups that have hitherto lived together harmoniously. AB and BH insurgency may well be a political economy problem as a result of the absence of equitable access to resources, and a deliberate agenda to exclude others from social formations.
Banditry and BH activities lead to disruption of life as we know it. The desire to avoid strife and its attendant consequences leads to displacement, loss of life and property. AB and BH activity also lead to the existence of constant fear of attack, which takes away human dignity and ability to organize, seek and receive livelihood.
When social services are rolled back, women bear the brunt, as they carry additional burden, irrespective of the fact that their child-bearing and nurturing roles are tasking enough. When the state fails to provide essential services, women are forced to stand in the gap. Such unconventional roles for women are even more problematic in situations of conflict, strife or unrest as could be occasioned by AB, BH and retaliatory action.
Through this effort, my team and I stand in the gap with the women of northern Nigeria, while identifying Borno and Adamawa states for the pilot project. The areas we are concentrating on for the award of the micro-credit grants are petty trading, handwork, cottage industry, etc.
The compiled list of potential beneficiaries of such micro-credit would form the core of the expansion of the project to other parts of northern Nigeria. This effort is expected to assuage the level of deprivation experienced by the women and their families in the interim.
18th July, 2016
*Donate & let's feed IDPs, restore their dignity https://t.co/s4TxbXlCNC
*The clash between the Nigerian Army & the Islamic movement in Nigeria by Jibrin Ibrahim https://t.co/Tje7dv3vb7
*Trade of terror: Blood money http://www.amazon.com/trade-terror-blood...
*Islam vs the rest: The 3rd World War https://www.linkedin.com/groups/1882332
*About 250,000 severely malnourished children in Borno IDP camps may die soon http://wp.me/p3x1r-cAC
*UN aid convoy ambushed in Northern Nigeria by suspected militant Islamists bbc.in/2agOUWs
*BH in Nigeria: IS names Abu Musab al-Barnawi named new leader www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-36963711
*Who's running BH? https://www.theatlantic.com/news/archive/2016/08/boko-haram-leadership/
*US hosts northern Nigeria governors in Washington http://www.premiumtimesng.com/news/...
*Nigeria: JTF discovers Benue militants' armoury http://www.allafrica.com/stories/201610190120.html
*Many Borno schools unsafe years after Chibok abductions www.premiumtimesng.com/news/headlines/213382-many-borno-schools-unsafe-years-chibok-abductions-report.html
*Nigeria must not transform the Shiites into enemies opinion.premiumtimesng.com/2016/10/21/175443
*BH has displaced north-east Nigeria educationally linkis.com/allafrica/...html
*The BH crisis & the narratives of resistance in northern Nigeria: The case of Sokoto state https://goo.gl/mLnvoO
*60% of BH insurgents are foreigners, says Bratai https://t.co/9QvMe1sShe https://t.co/Rd2cPQ7RDh
*Is BH invoking Kanem Bornu legacy? bit.ly/2ejU4BL bit.ly/BokoHistory
*Nigeria: American University of Nigeria (AUN), Yola, uses social media to fight religious extremism https://t.co/P1mnYU6aoO
*N.E. Nigeria: Small African region with more refugees than all of Europe https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/nov/26/boko-haram-nigeria-famine-hunger
*Nigeria must tackle poverty, underdevelopment to deter BH premiumtimesng.com/news/218461-nigeria...
*Help IDP Borno http://www.crowdfunder.co.uk/help-idp-borno/
*'Camp zero', the last stronghold of Sambisa has fallen https://t.co/FyUC86brlU
*Hope amidst the horror in northern Nigeria http://www.insightonconflict.org/blog/2016/12/hope-amidst...
*1,000 days after kidnap, 195 girls still with BH https://t.co/vOQdxn41lh
*Nigeria: How Army prevents dozens of BH suicide attacks http://allafrica.com/stories/2017...
*Nigeria: CITAD releases staggering figures of hate speeches https://t.co/gfVOaxl33v
*Artificial intelligence & the future of warfare cht.hm/2j7Ba37
*Abubakar Shekau reappears again after ISIS named his successor http://saharareporters.com/2016/08/03/boko-haram-appears...
*BH ambush UN, NGOs' convoy in Nigeria, 2 soldiers & 3 civilians injured http://goo.gl/qGmQpd
*ISIS & the care bears https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/isis-world-care-bears-jonathan...
*Pope says Catholicism can be just as violent as Islam http://liberalamerica.org/2016/08/02/breaking-pope-francis...
*BH's new leader promises not to target Muslims edition.cnn.com/2016/08/03/africa/nigerias-boko-haram-new-leader/
*IS: Obama says group is weakening, but still a threat bbc.co.uk
*A group therapy session in CAR helps heal children suffering from PTSD aje.io/s8ge
*The northern Governors' symposium in the USA http://www.viviangist.com/the-northern-nigeria-governors...
*'We don't do child soldiering in fighting BH, FG tells USA http://allafrica.com/stories/201610270108.html
*Addressing the crisis in the north-east https://t.co/ulwHV5QuKW
*Photographer captures what life in Borno, north-east Nigeria is really like http://www.glamour.com/story-photographer-captures-life...
*A renewed commitment to lift northern Nigeria out of poverty opinion.premiumtimesng.com/2016/10/25/175505
*Does the Islamic State threaten al-Shabaab's hegemony? https://www.issafrica.org/iss-today/does-the...
*Gallantry Fall: September - November 2016 http://ecowascounterterrorism.org
*151 killed by terrorists in Zamfara state as Nigeria Police focus on killing Shia Muslims newsrescue.com/151-killed-terrorists-zamfara-state-nigeria-police-focus-killing-shia-muslims/
*Chibok still under BH siege http://t.co/wV2dWoIG2K
*3,213 pregnancies recorded in Bakassi IDP camp, Maiduguri in 6 months! https://twitter.com/hashtag/maiduguri...
*How we will reclaim north-eastern Nigeria by Tijani Musah https://t.co/LPltvOCRgb
*In Nigeria, a catastrophic hunger crisis looms in BH's wake huff.to/2io83V2
*Sambisa forest to serve as training ground for Nigerian Army https://t.co/n4OkbTcXeO
*Presidential committee adopts 'Buhari plan' on north-east crisis https:t.co/gBiOlvspnH
*Borno state Governor Shettima asks 'non-performing' NGOs' to leave; says only 8 of 126 NGOs are helping IDPs - 118 others only smiling to banks https://twitter.com/hashtag/shettima...
*FG seeks $400m World Bank loan to rebuild north-east https://t.co/hCQMIDCZmt
*Nigeria: DSS arrests BH members in Lagos, Taraba, Nasarawa & Kogi https://t.co/4xCidCwgUa
*ISS: Dead or alive - The seven lives of BH's leader http://www.defenceweb.co.za/
*Insecurity: Soldiers deployed in 30 of Nigeria's 36 states - Report www.premiumtimes.com/news/.../insecurity-soldiers-deployed...
*It's not true, it's not correct to say Islam is terrorism - Pope www.vanguardngr.com/2016/08/not-true-not-correct-say-islam-terrorism-pope/
*Deadlier than BH, Niger Delta Avengers are devastating Nigeria https://fronteranews.com/news/africa/niger-delta-avengers...
*Our next action is to kill Christians in Nigeria, no bombing of mosques - New BH leader http://www.orsu24news.com/next-action-kill-christians-nigeria...
*BH splits over leadership https://www.newsbreaking.ng/2016/08/breaking.ng/2016/08/breaking-boko-haram-splits...
*Nigeria: Tackling malnutrition in Borno state www.doctorswithoutborders.org/article/nigeria-tackling-malnutrition-borno-state
*Clerics seek protection of worship centres in north-east Nigeria disq.us/t/2ghr9zd
*ICG: Women's experiences of BH conflict http://bit.ly/Africa242
*Nigeria: House of Representatives passes bipartisan legislation to combat BH http://allafrica.com/.../201612080325.html
*Misery of the Nigerian refugees & IDPs opinion.premiumtimesng.com/2014/12/22/misery-nigerian-refugees-internally-displaced-persons.../
*Combining basic mobile technology & traditional media, JARI empowers north-east Nigeria to share their own story their way https://twitter.com/mobilepunch
*Buhari's plan to rebuild NE Nigeria - Short, medium & long term https://t.co/l5pZmaYYX
*Study of community-level conflict management mechanisms in the Niger Delta, Middle Belt & North-East zones, Nigeria wef.ch/2hOoVkh
*Known unknowns & the fight against Violent Extremism (VE) https://issafrica.org/iss-today/known-unknown...
*Nigeria Army arrests 40 foreigners after Sambisa forest fall http://nigeriatalkingdrum.com/2016/12/army-arrest...
*Sambisa: Captured Frenchman repairs APCs www.dailytrust.com.ng/.../sambisa-captured-frenchman-repairs-apcs/177947.html
*Erikosonian analysis of terrorism in West Africa: Security & forensic http://www.igi-global.com/.../eriksonian-analysis...
*Nigeria's first confirmed drone strike against BH (video) http://www.popsci.com/watch-nigeria-first-confirmed-drone-strike...
*Lt. Col. Abu Ali's death: Why BH's killing more Nigerian soldiers http://www.premiumtimesng.com/.../col-alis-death
*'Why we started killing people' by BH askbbcnews.com/why-we-started-killing-people-boko-haram-reveal/
*Why Pope Francis won't link Islam to terrorism trib.al/QCsvfbu
*Ibtihaj Mohammed: The first Olympian to compete in hijab from the USA bbc.in/2aKZUt6
*No coincidences in terrorism attacks https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/coincidences-terror-attacks-ahmet...
*Who calls the shots in BH? https://www.issafrica.org/events/view-on-africa-who-calls-the-shots-in-boko-haram
*The 10,000 kidnapped boys of BH https://t.co/AXlsUwxjzv www.wsj.com/articles/the-kidnapped-boys-of-boko-haram-1471013062
*BH has forced thousands of boys & girls in Nigeria to become child jihadists https://t.co/ph70Tfdnsy https://t.co/CpVpMwiOmj
*BH: Behind the rise of Nigeria's armed group https://t.co/lV7BUbDE6s
*Foiled terror attack on the USA: Obama writes PMB, hails DSS leadership.ng/?p=565354
*Freed Chibok girls return home for Xmas cnn.it/2hwZXOj
*After losing Sambisa, BH fighters surrender to Niger Republic authorities https://t.co/MlSZ6NhInY
*While radicalised youths make the news, young activists against violent extremism (VE) rarely get the limelight sfcg.org/cy-and-cve/
*Shekau appears in video, says when he'll stop fighting dlvr.it/Mzzy2G dlvr.it/Mzzzmv
*Nigeria's Army says 3,000 people who fled BH return to hometown https://t.co/a5qOMeHIQG
*Man purporting to be BH leader denies Sambisa forest defeat buff.ly/2hBdiF3
*BH: Group urges Nigerians to be vigilant to prevent terrorists from regrouping allafrica.com/stories/201612290538.html
*Chibok, Sambisa & the struggle for liberation https://t.co/8BLkPOCvmZ
*What does it mean to be at war with 'Radical Islam'?: On the attraction & dangers of a vague term https://t.co/eAno9UBj9u
*BH insurgency: Nearly 1.8m Nigerians have been forced to flee their homes - These are their stories cnn.it/2juPuz4
*Forced out of towns in the Sahel, Africa's Jihadists go rural https://www.crisisgroup.org/africa/west-africa/mali/...
*Nigeria: WHO begins vaccination of 4.7m children in north-east http://t.co/xsgJ9dxEgR
*Empower IDPs: Emotional video by IDPs https://web.facebook.com/hashtag/empowerborno?...
*Nigeria cited as most dangerous place for Christians in the world by US Congress https://www.today.ng/news/world/254855/nigeria-cited...
*Security sector reform in democratic Nigeria www.securityanddevelopment.org/www...org/pdf/work2pdf
*Severe food crisis continues to kill hundreds in Nigeria's north-east https://t.co/98cdsPTvoH https://t.co/bs/9iFmOeM
*BH leadership struggle heralds a new style of violence https:www.issafrica.org/iss-today/boko-haram...
*IDPs in Maiduguri, where malnutrition rates are going through the roof https://t.co/cvb3j8EkUw.com/
*Borno government trains 1,000 IDPs on self-defense against rape https://t.co/CPclO1Ylt https://t.co/DgOXwYmkB
*Why are the burqa & burkini so controversial? edition.cnn.com/2016/08/19/europe/burqa-burkini-bans/
*The negotiator, Aisha Wakil, BH calls 'mummy' is Igbo newsrescue.com/woman-aisha-wakil-boko-haram-calls-mummy-igbo/
*BH: Nigeria's Army's 3 wanted friends https://t.co/KlVVy8rNSO
*BH oppression in Nigeria in pictures https://t.co/cEk9cKDldV https://t.co/NPaUx1XETL
*Assessing MNJTF's fight against BH https://www.issafrica.org/events/view-on-africa...
*Repentant BH members urge colleagues to lay down arms https://t.co/wOPEUZuL
*Beyond BH: Fundamentalism in Nigeria http://www.genderhub.org/.../beyond-boko-haram-fundamentalism...
*With 10 major security operations across Nigeria, Military stretched too thin bit.ly/2clkUEg
*Countering the BH group in Nigeria: The relevance of Hybrid Doctrine http://smallwarsjournal.com/...
*How we dismantled BH leadership - DSS http://bulwarkintelligence.com/curated-osint/how-we-dismantled-boko-haram...
*Examining the security situation in Nigeria https://www.youtube.com/watch... https://www.channelstv.com
*2017: Can we turn the tables on adversity? http://punchng.com/2017-can-turn-tables-adversity/
*Foreign fighters among BH https://www.youtube.com/...
*2016 in retrospect: The insurgency https://www.youtube.com/watch
*How BH forced many Nigerian mothers, children into prostitution https://www.naij.com/.../mothers-children-forced-prostitution-boko-haram...
*NEMA's efforts in managing humanitarian crisis in north-east Nigeria http://guardian.ng/.../nemas-efforts-in-managing-humanitarian-crisis-in-the-northeast/
*Global index rates BH deadliest terrorist group http://allafriac.com/...
*Economic downturn, Islamist attacks cause hunger to spread in Nigeria says UN af.reuters.com/article/topNews/idAFKCN1OU1GW
*BH divided https:www.issafrica.org/media-room/videos-and-infographics/boko-haram-divided
*BH: Over 23,000 killed, 2 million displaced https://t.co/u5A9tiQnu https://t.co/5gVcULo3Fe
*Insecurity: Soldiers deployed in 30 of Nigeria's 36 states www.premiumtimes.com/news/more-news/208055-insecurity-soldiers-deployed-30-nigeria
*BH & Niger Delta Avengers: Nigeria's terrorists http://www.viva-naija.com/boko-haram-niger-delta-avengers...
*300 BH terrorists killed as Nigerian Air Force (NAF) intensifies aerial bombings https://t.co/dVGcqX6Wq
*BH: ECOWAS wants international community to empower Multinational JTF (MNJTF) links.com/www.authority.com/KOk2k
*How to stop ISIS expansion in Africa https://issafrica.org/events/view-on-africa...
*Countering Violent Extremism (CVE): Internal security should be the priority of any CVE initiative http://www.dawn.com/news/.../countering-violent-extremism
*Can the JTF against BH stay the course? https://www.issafrica.org/iss-today/can-the-joint-task-forcee...
*If we don't tame religion, it'll kill Nigeria - Soyinka http://punchng.com/dont-tame-religion-itll-kill-nigeria/
*Why Hillary Clinton's state department didn't list BH as terrorist group (video) http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/politics/DC-dept...
*Nigerian billionaire, Dangote, visits Maiduguri, meets ex-wives of BH fighters www.premiumtimesng.com/news/top-news/209470-nigerian-billionaire-dangote-visits-maiduguri... https://t.co/Jc3rGVMk1u/
*Improving nutritional status of malnourished children: The role of teamwork https://t.co/ebEyVDJCDi
*Paul David aka Bono (Co-founder of ONE Campaign) & Dangote visit Nigeria's IDP camp http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa...
*Nigeria targets officials accused of stealing food from BH victims http://www.nytimes.com/reuters/2016/09/01/
*IDPs in north-east Nigeria cannot farm due to landmines icirnigeria.org/idps-northeast-cant-farm-due-landmines/
*Nigeria may regret swap deal with BH - Prof. Albert http://punchng.com/nigeria-may-regret-swap-deal-boko-haram/
*Governing our humanitarian crisis jibrinibrahim.com/governing-our-humanitarian-crisis...
*DSS arrests BH IED specialist, others in Kano www.thisdaylive.com/index.php/2016/09/05/dss-arrests-boko-haram
*UNDP Nigeria projects to focus on de-radicalisation, conflict transformation & migration http://www.ng.undp.org/content/nigeria/en/home/
*Two million Nigerians trapped in BH-controlled areas - UN https://t.co/bOA5GjKW3s
*Understanding BH recruitment www.thisdaylive.com/index.php/2016/09/19/understanding-boko-haram-recruitment
*4 Chibok girls among newly matriculated students at AUN www.thisdaylive.com/index.php/2016/09/07/four-chibok-schoolgirls-among-newly...
*BH kills 8 church worshipers near Chibok https://t.co/5g51xpoeyg
*BH: 13 churches affected, 15,000 schools... www.premiumtimesng.com/news/headlines/.../boko-haram
*Bullets & bombing wont prevent violent extremism. Here's what will. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/neal-kenyguyer/prevent-violent...
*Militancy & the era of instability us11.campaign-archive1.com/
*Sex boom in Borno as displaced women, children take to prostitution for survival http://wp.me/p3Yx1r-dle
*Minister Al-Hassan slumps in Adamawa IDP camps http://wp.me/p3Yx1r_dU
*Use evidence, not fear, to counter terror https://www.issafrica.org/iss-today/use-evidence...
*#Nigeria #BokoHaram The in-patient therapeutic feeding centre in Maiduguri https://t.co/H2oYo4Eocl
*Will changes in BH leadership revive local support? https://www.issafrica.org/iss-today/will-changes-in-boko-haram...
*BH rages in Nigeria, but the world's eyes elsewhere https://t.co/xy71sEuAW9
*BH war displaces i million children, destroys 910 schools - UN www.premiumtimesng.com/news/headlines/.../boko-haram-war-displaces...
*Indigenes donate 5,000 men to secure Bama town leadership.ng/news/551841/bama-indigenes-donate-5000-men-to-secure-the-town
*More unregistered BH IDPs in Yola South LGA. They say 'We're never going back to Maiduguri https://t.co.TXJlnJi4w9
*Nigeria lost $5.9b to BH insurgency http://t.co/EQ2DTHgoDV
*Defiance on the dance floor: Clubbing in the birthplace of BH https://www.theguardiancom/world/2016/sep/27/clubbing-birthplace-boko-haram...
*Why world leaders must act on the crisis in north-east Nigeria https://t.co/2mHYzOXial
*Borno to rebuild churches destroyed by BH guardian.ng/news/borno-to-rebuild-churches-destroyed-by-boko-haram/
*YS invests $50m in Niger drone base for counter-terrorism www.bbc.com/news/world-africa...
*Soldier assists wailing women in labour to give birth at village near BH zone https://t.co/vu8Lx3uARw https://t.co/R6VX4j459s
*Proscribing the Islamic Movement in Nigeria: A plea for second thoughts https://t.co/S5FbcbmfhZ
*Anti-Shiite violence spreads to Kano, Sokoto, Katsina- 8 killed https://t.co/QBGSJSR4Jl
*A staggering hunger crisis is unfolding in Nigeria, & the world is barely aware http://www.washingtonpost.com/.../they-survived-boko-haram...
*Attacks on Shiites: No to opening another conflict front In.is/saharareporters
*Death & war across northern states as Takfiris attack Shia Muslims newsrescue.com/death-war-across-northern-states...
*How to counter extremist views: Try agreeing with them http://www.latimes.com/science/...
*Senate passes North-East Development Commission Bill (NEDC) www.premiumtimes.com/news/.../senate-passes-north-east...
*Nigeria approves N4b to fight malnutrition in the north-east/...
*Lt. Col. Abu Ali was preparing for Samsiba operation when he was killed https://www.thecableng/exclusive-lt-col-abu-ali-was-preparing-for-sambisa-operation
*Nigeria Police train local hunters in intelligence gathering linkis.com/premiumtimesng.com/EIlyv
*Nigerian Army officially declares 46 soldiers missing http://www.premiumtimesng.com/.../216039-exclusive-nigeria...
*600,000 IDPs in Monguno, north-east Nigeria alone https://www.theguardian.com/.../boko-haram-nigeria-famine-hunger
*Nigerians living in communities liberated by BH suffering terribly https://t.co/lOyZlwL4Yh
*The risk of election violence in Nigeria is not where you think https://www.usip.org/publications/2018/12/risk-election-violence-nigeria-not-where-you-think...
*Resurgence of terrorist attacks in Nigeria ahead of elections https://www.dw.com/en/resurgence-of -terrorist-attacks-in-nigeria-ahead-of-elections/a-46489205
*Telling ourselves the truth about BH insurgency https://www.dailytrust.com.ng/telling-ourselves-the truth-on-boko-haram-insurgency.html
*The numbers behind sectarian violence in Nigeria https://www.cfr.org/blog/numbers-behind-sectarian-violence-in-nigeria
*Civilian-led governance & security in Nigeria after BH https://www.usip.org/publications/2018/12/civilian-led-governance-and-security-nigeria-after-boko-haram
*Fleeing terror, fighting terror: the truth about refugees & VE https://issafrica.org/research/east-africa-report/fleeing-terror-fighting-terror-the-truth-about-refugees
*The future of violence in Africa https://issafrica.org/media-resource/videos-and-infographics/the-future-of-violence-in-africa
*BH: Despite evidence, Nigeria Police deny 167 officers absconded - Premium Times https://www.premiumtimes.ng.com/news/headlines/302923-boko-haram-despite-evidence-nigerian-police-deny-167-officers...
*Buhari speaks on Zamfara killings https://www.premiumtimes.com/news/headlines/302647-buhari-speaks-on-zamfara-killings.html
*Let's tell ourselves the truth about BH insurgency https://web.facebook/jibrin-ibrahim-blog
*The carnage in Zamfara state https://web.facebook.com/jibrin-ibrahim-blog-1687759914807059/
*Nigeria's security situation in 3 years of Mansur Dan Ali's leadership https://globalsentinelng.com/2018/12/27/special-report-nigerias-security-situation-in-three-years-of-mansur-dan-alis-leadership
*The crisis of peacekeeping https://www.foreignaffairs.com/article/2018-12-11/crisis-peacekeeping *While overall violence declined in 2018, conflict is spreading bit.ly/2SA8FJw
*Counter narratives: Turning the tables on BH https://issafrica.org/iss-today/turning-the-tables-on-boko-haram
*What you don't know about conflict resolution will hurt you https://www.forbes.com/sites/kathy-caprino/2019/05/29/what-you-dont-know-about-conflict...
*Nigeria's former child vigilantes return to school https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/06/nigerias-child-vigilantes-return-school...
*Conflict transformation, human rights and the rule of law in West Africa https://issafrica.org/research/west-africa-report/counter-terrorism-human-rights-and-the-rule-of-law-in-west-africa...
*Porous borders & free movement of people and goods make West Africa a target for foreign fighters http://ow.ly/4Xas50vkX5l
*Links between conflict-related violence & peace-time practice: Perspectives from Sierra-Letps://www.opendeacy.net/beyond-trafficking-and-slavery/links-between-conflict-related-violence-and-peace-time-practice
*Strategies for planning a conflict-free group summer trip dlvr.it/R1R729
*Although negotiating with terror groups is sensitive and difficult, it needs to be explored as a policy option http://ow.ly/Ptt30pd1Dx
*Violent kidnapping for ransom spreads across Nigeria https://news.yahoo.com/violent-kidnapping-ransom-spread-across-nigeria-025447384.html
*The PSC of the AU should do more to respond to conflicts in 2020 http://ow.ly/Sb5R50xWMtr
*Al Qaeda-linked group re-appears in Nigeria https://lnkd.in/gigaPpM #terrorism
*In Nigeria, the Islamic State of West Africa Province (ISWAP) gains steam https://lnkd.in/gBEu6wP