Sunday 23 August 2015


The Policy Brief for the project: 'Rural Banditry & Conflicts in Northern Nigeria', in which I have been involved for the past ten months was launched in Kaduna on the 20th of August, 2015. The book project is sponsored by Nigeria Stability & Reconciliation Programme (NSRP). The implementing partners are Centre for Democracy & Development (CDD) and Pastoral Resolve (PARE). The book was published in 2015.

The book consists of 12 chapters:

* The political economy of cattle rustling in contemporary Nigeria
* The social impact of rural banditry
* Pastoral transhumance & the dynamics of social conflict in Nasarawa state, North-central Nigeria
* The effect of armed banditry on rural women's livelihood & security: Case study of Kaduna & Plateau states
* Hate speech & the construction of popular narratives on rural banditry in the media
* Herders'/Farmers' associations & social conflicts in northern Nigeria
* The state of grazing reserves & their potential capacity to absorb pastoralists
* Rural banditry & social conflicts in Plateau state
* Rural banditry & conflicts in Kaduna state
* Changing methods of animal husbandry & its effects on cattle rustling/rural banditry
* Rural banditry, demography, ecology & state capacity
* Wrap-up of policy briefs

The Governor of Kaduna state, Mallam Nasir El-Rufai, was represented by the Deputy Governor. In his keynote address the Deputy Governor discussed the giant strides by Kaduna state which resulted in the successful recovery of over 3,000 rustled cattle! He said that the state was in the process of eliciting technology to track the movement of cattle with a view to countering cattle rustling.

My chapter is titled: The effect of armed banditry on rural women's livelihood & security: Case study of Kaduna & Plateau states, Nigeria. The major policy recommendations for the Rural Banditry project are:

* Changing demographic, ecological & climatic conditions
- Gazetting of grazing reserves
- Revitalisation of grazing routes/reserves & development of ranches
- Ranch development
- Integrated agricultural & livestock development
- Monitoring & control of livestock movement

* Land, land-use rights & alienation of land
- Modernisation of agricultural/pastoral production systems
- Encourage greater understanding of use of natural resources
- Mitigation of the impact of climate change

* State capacity & the provision of security
- Strengthen operational capacity of security agencies
- Focus on security needs of farming & pastoralist communities, especially women & other vulnerable groups
- Change perceptions & stereotypes
- Develop robust early warning & early response systems
- Prosecute offenders & recover rustled cattle
- Victim support mechanisms, including psychological therapy for raped women & girls

* Proliferation of Small Arms & Light Weapons (SALWs)
- Strengthen mechanism for periodic mop-up of SALWs
- Intensify registration of personal arms

* Weakening/Collapse informal conflict resolution mechanisms
- Revive & support community-based conflict resolution mechanisms
- Create synergy among persons/institutions working on traditional methods of conflict resolution

* International dimension
- Trans-border engagement
- Sensitivity to the regional dimension of the conflict
- Domestication of relevant ECOWAS protocols 

Related Links

*Absence of security in rural areas
*Herdsmen attacks claim 1,269 lives in Benue state, Nigeria  #Nigeria
*Nigeria: Army court-martials 20 soldiers for illicit arms sales, rights abuses
*Jigawa government empowers 200 women with 600 goats
*Land privatisation & climate change are costing rural dwellers
*Troops kill 12 rustlers, recover 1,000 cattle in Kano>News
*Kaduna, Kano governments step up moves to end cattle rustling
*Rustling: Kano spends N10m on recovered cattle upkeep
*Cattle rustling: Police recover 800 cows in Kano
*Nigerian Army declares war on cattle rustlers
*The Nigerian state & the proliferation of small arms and light weapons (SALWs)
*Nigeria turning into 'axis of arms'
*Unless the youth have something to do, they will become bandits or worse #Diffa  #BokoHaram
*Rural banditry: From the crisis of nomadism to state crisis
*Nigeria's security departments: Tribalised, sectionalised & personalised
*When land conflicts occur, Rwanda's local mediators come to the rescue
*Kaduna community protests incessant attacks, killings
*Troops arrest notorious armed bandits in Zamfara, Kaduna
*University of Benin's Black Axe becoming a leading drug gang in Italy
*Forests that kill & destroy: Rural Banditry (RB) in northern Nigeria by Jibrin Ibrahim
*FCT & the challenges of cattle grazing, development
*18 year old herder gets two year sentence in Ekiti
*Nigeria government inaugurates committee on Farmer-Herder clashes
*800 herdsmen are currently in custody - VP
*31 cows, 53 sheep & their owners arrested in Abuja for illegal grazing
*Violence against aid workers across the world: 131 killed, 130 kidnapped, 144 wounded in 2018 - 405 aid workers attacked



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