At the Berlin conference in 1884, the so-called "dark continent", Africa, was shared among European powers. I posit that most of the artificial borders that were defined during the meeting still remain with us today, and contribute significantly to many of Africa's headaches, including religious, political, linguistic, ethnic, cultural and sundry challenges.
The Gulf of Guinea (GoG), being a significant part of the African continent, is not inure to the devastating effect of the dynamics of the interplay of forces. One Anglophone and one Francophone country (Nigeria & Cote d'Ivoire) are chosen to illustrate the challenges faced by the GoG states...
See www.westafricainsight.org (March 2014 edition) for the full text of my paper. "West Africa Insight" is a publication of the Centre for Democracy & Development (CDD).
*Regional responses to crime in the Gulf of Guinea https://t.co/ug1J1fcXzB #WestAfricaInsight
*West Africa: Gulf of Guinea - Fighting criminal groups in the Niger Delta is key to defeating piracy allafrica.com/stories/202002040049.html:
*West Africa: Who will help solve Africa's piracy problem in the Gulf of Guinea? allafrica.com/stories/20200218007.html