Saturday 3 December 2022


Between the 25th of November and 10th of December every year there is activism against GBV world wide. All events I attend during this period, I ensure that the colour theme, orange, is my logo as regards my dressing. The year, the theme is 'Unite: Activism to end violence against women & girls'. So far, I have attended two major events during this period. *The 'Seed Connect' Conference on the 28th of November 2022, where I sought collaboration within the seed (in agriculture) value chain and the Forum on Farmer-Herder Relations in Nigeria (FFARN). I am a valued member of the 'Coordinating Committee' of FFARN. *On the 30th of November, I attended the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES) parley with theme: 'Women & youth inclusion in peace & security architecture in Nigeria: Understanding the resistance & bureaucracy'. I was the lead presenter for the topic: 'The UN peace & security agenda in Nigeria via the lens of women, peace & security (WPS)'.

Representing the women folk via the colour orange: the colour for the 16 Days of Activism Against GBV @ the 'Seed Connect' conference...Orange sunglasses, face mask, headgear, dress, bangles, rings and shoes...

Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa speaking @ the 'Seed Connect' conference. Note her orange shoes, rings & clothes: colour for the 16 days of activism against GBV. 
                                                                  Dayo on the red carpet

Dayo @ the FES conference on Women & youth in the UN Peace & Security agenda

Photo L-R: Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa & Susan Uwakwe (Desk Officer on SGBV & Youth, IPCR)

I keep moving during these 16 days of activism and always to ensure zero tolerance for GBV in Nigeria... 


Sunday 6 November 2022


For about two weeks I was a stakeholder in endeavours aimed at utilising creative arts (sculptor, painting, drawing, acting, film making/screening, etc.) for engendering peace. Between the 27th and 30th of October 2022, the International Institute for Creative Development (IICD) held its annual 'Abuja Open House' where galleries and art spaces in Abuja were open to invited guests. Some of the galleries and spaces are: Moeshen gallery, Thought Pyramid Art Gallery, IICD Centre, House 33, Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Fraser Suites, Nordic Hotel, Mambaah Cafe, Institute Francais, Turkish Embassy, Orisun Art Gallery, Cafe de Vie, Hare & Grouse, ArtLife @ GreenHouse, Yunus Emre Institute & Matrix Gallery of Contemporary Art.

Between the 31st of October and 3rd of November 2022, the 19th annual Abuja International Film Festival (AIFF) was held at Siverbird Cinemas, Abuja. The festival featured film screenings, discussion panels, workshops, master classes & awards. 

Photo L-R: Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa & wife of GM Fraser Suites, Abuja. Some of the paintings of Timi Kakandar are displayed in the background...

The theme of IICD's 'Open House' for 2022 is 'The Convergence'. According to IICD, the Art Spaces & Galleries are now future spaces of physical encounter, engagement, exchange of ideas - ideologies, environmental issues and cultural exchange. Social, political, economic and ecological issues are discussed in these spaces. There is also historical content. Questions are asked and answered. The spaces showcase culture, style, music, food, trends and fashion...

Photo L-R: Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa & Mrs. Temitope Duker (Festival Director) @ the Closing Ceremony of the 19th Abuja International Film Festival (AIFF)

IICD's theme, 'The Convergence', began as 'a hybrid conversation, a coming together of all the fragmented elements in a mapped trajectory - the social, economic, political, ecological and historical trajectories in convergence. Convergence is built on the truth about the city, Abuja, as a place of convergence. Abuja Open House (AOH) brought to life the creative sanctity of the city - it's an inventory and an adventure. Guests were invited to walk on a shore of intangible and tangible footprints. It's a journey - one step in the past - two steps in the present. We all converged to re-imagine our identity and our shared experiences'. (Source: AOH Leaflet)

Photo L-R: Mohamad Khechen (Lebanese-Nigerian Founder/Curator, Moeshen Art Gallery - MAG) & Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa @ MAG, Life Camp, Abuja

Photo L-R: Dotun Popoola (Sculptor extraordinaire a.k.a. 'Welder of the Federal Republic of Nigeria') & Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa @ The Turkish Embassy, Abuja...Dotun was sponsored by the Turkish Embassy to Ankara. He created a RAM from scrap material, which is displayed at the entrance of the Presidential Symphony Orchestra in Ankara!...

Dayo @ the Turkish Embassy, Abuja with the smaller version of the RAM sculptured by Dotun Popoola in Ankara, Turkey. This small ram is also a product of Dotun's creativity...

Dayo in her element @ Fraser Suites, where Timi Kakandar's paintings were on display

Artiste, Timi Kakandar's profile displayed alongside his works @ Fraser Suites, Abuja

                      Dayo @ Silverbird Cinemas: @ the Opening Ceremony of the AIFF...

                                       Dayo @ Silverbird Cinemas on the 2nd day of the AIFF

Dayo on the grounds of Nordic Hotel, Abuja, when I sneaked out of the main exhibition hall to have some 'me time' on the swing outside

               Painting: CAGED: African Beauty by Timi Kakandar @ Fraser Suites

                             Painting - 'Take me to safety' @ Nordic Hotel: Artist unknown

For almost two weeks, I had a swell time in Galleries/Art Spaces & Siverbird Cinemas...Beautiful paintings, delicately sculptured 'themes', screening of meaningful short movies that depict the essence of the 17 SDGs/motivation for peace were more than delightful. I look forward to the next edition of both the IICD Abuja Open House and the AIFF... Cheers!


Friday 28 October 2022


Between the 26th and 27th of October 2022, 'Multidimensional security threats in Nigeria: Challenges, options & opportunities for the 2023 general elections' was the subject matter of intensive discourse under the auspices of Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES). The parley was held at the De Silver Green Hotel, Abuja. Some of the sub-themes were:

*Gender, youth, cyber threats & managing narratives: A build up to the 2023 general elections.

*Security sector oversight of the electoral process and the inter-agency consultative committee on election security (ICCES): An agenda for a new strategy

*Cyber threats & managing narratives around elections.

*ICCES: Agenda for a new strategy.

Photo L-R: Matthias Dold (First Secretary, Political Affairs, German Embassy & Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa

Some of the participants are:

*Dr. Daniel Mann - Resident Representative, FES-Nigeria

*Matthias Dold - First Secretary, Political Affairs, German Embassy

*Oseloka Obaze - Keynote Speaker         *Dr. Hakeem Tijani

*Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa                         *Dr. Freedom Onuoha 

*Salaudeen Hashim                                  *Dr. Chris Kwaja

*Florence Kayemba                                  *Dr. Pauline Igbokwe                                

*Dr. Sunday Adejoh                                  *Dr. Olajumoke Jenyo

*Dr. Babatunde Gbolahan                         *Dr. Pauline Igbokwe

*Mrs. Ayesha Yesufu

             Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa on the first day of the conference @ the Experts' meeting...

Some highlights of the deliberations are as follows:

*The role of social (new) media would be germane in teasing out narratives before, during and after elections.

*Hate speech, fake news, misinformation and disinformation, deep face, cyber bullying, etc. need to be tackled headlong.

*Victory via the ballot box vs victory via Court pronouncement needs to be interrogated.

*The role of non-state violent actors, and their capacity to derail the electoral process needs to be monitored. The privatisation of security outfits is a case in point.

*Prebendalism and the transactional nature of the electoral process is a danger signal.

*The youth bulge, the critical mass of which are illiterate/unemployed youth needs to be burst in order to prevent/mitigate violence.

*There is a lacuna in the composition of the Inter-Agency Consultative Committee on Election Security (ICCES). Academics, CSOs and relevant individuals need to be coopted.

*Mandate protection is essential during elections.

*Violence against women in elections and indeed politics (VAWiP) needs to be given special attention, beyond tackling violence against persons.

                                                Dayo on the first day of the conference

*Rivalry among security agencies needs to give way to effective cooperation for peaceful elections.

*There are real and imagined threats to the realisation of peaceful elections.

*The increasing role of technology in improving the integrity of elections is welcome. There is a caveat, however: Ethics and protection of data stored in the 'cloud' is necessary.

*Surveillance of the physical space by the security forces should extend to cyberspace in order to capture online and off-line engagement on the electoral process and societal peace in general.

On the whole, we had useful conversation. If the recommendations are taken seriously by the relevant authorities, we may see peaceful, relatively free, fair and credible elections in the horizon in 2023...


Tuesday 25 October 2022


On the 25th of October 2022 in Abuja, the 6th edition of the Voice of Women (VoW) Conference & Awards was held in Abuja with theme - 'Towards rebuilding Nigeria: Agenda setting for inclusivity & accountability'.Six Presidential candidates were there live to reel out their 'plans' for women viz; Ado Ibrahim Abdulmalik (YPP), Peter Obi (LP), Adebayo Adewole (SDP), Bola Tinubu represented by Shettima (APC), Dumebi Kachiku (ADP) & Al Mustapha (AA).

Photo L-R: Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa & Toun Okewale-Sonaiya (CEO Women Radio 91.7 & Conference Convener)

The thrust of the commitment to improving the lot of the female gender according to the Presidential candidates present follows:

*Effective institutional framework to tackle bender based violence (GBV).

*Implementation of Affirmative Action (@ least 35%)

*Review of legislation that promotes the rights of women. This would include re-visiting the five women-friendly Bills thrown out by the National Assembly.

*Economic empowerment of women, including wealth creation.

*Education parity and development for women.

*Agriculture and technological innovation for women.

*prevention and mitigation of political violence against women.

Photo L-R: Tosin Dokpesi (MD AIT), Dr. Biola Akiyode-Afolabi (Chair, Organising Committee), Dr. Tunde Okewale (Chairman St. Ives Communications), Toun Okewale-Sonaiya (CEO Womwn Radio & Conference Convener), Seun Olagunju (Broadcat Journalist & Member Organising Committee), Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa & Princess Jumai Idonije (SSA Technical to Minister for Women Affairs)

The Chair of the Conference was Hajia Saudatu Mahdi (Secretary General, Women's Rights Advancement & Protection Alternative - WRAPA). Ms. Beatrice Eyong, UN Women Country Representative Nigeria/ECOWAS made some remarks. First Lady, Dr. Aisha Buhari was represented.

It was indeed a successful outing for a critical mass of Nigerian women. They heard encouraging speeches from the six Presidential candidates. I join Dame Paulen Tallen to say that Nigerian women implore whoever wins the Presidential election in 2023 to walk the talk. Congrats to Toun for hosting the successful conference. I look forwaed to VoW 2023... 


Sunday 9 October 2022


The 2022 Nigeria Social Cohesion Survey Report was launched in Abuja by the Africa Polling Institute (API) on the 6th of October, 2022. I was a stakeholder at the event. The launching of the report was preceded by a Keynote speech titled: 'Bridging the fault-lines in the quest for social cohesion', ably delivered by Prof. Kingsley Moghalu. This was followed by a robust panel discussion on the subject matter of social cohesion.

Some of the participants are:

*Prof. Kingsley Moghalu - Keynote Speaker/Founder & President, Institute of Governance & Economic Transformation (IGET)/Former Presidential Candidate/Former Deputy Governor, CNN

*Prof. Bell Ihua - ED, API/Professor of Practice in Opinion Research, Coal City University, Enugu

*Dr. Olugbenga Ogunmefun - Director of Research & Institutional Strengthening, API

*Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa - Independent Conflict Transformation Strategist/Gender Specialist & Former Director, Institute for Peace & Conflict Resolution (IPCR), Abuja

*Hajia Saudatu Mahdi, MFR - Secretary-General, Women's Rights Advancement & Protection Alternative (WRAPA)

*Dr. Omoniyi Ibietan - Head, Media Relations, Nigeria Communications Commission (NCC)

*Mrs. Aisha Yesufu - President, Citizens Hub

*Ms. Yemi Adamolekun - ED Enough is Enough (EiE)

*Soji Adeniyi - Board Member, API

*Prof. Hauwa Yusuf - Researcher, API/Sociologist & Director, Centre for Gender Studies, Kaduna State University   

                                                      Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa @ the event

In my intervention, I reiterated the fact that gender equity should be a prelude to desired gender equality in Nigeria. Therefore, affirmative action is a prerequisite for gender equity in a patriarchal society like Nigeria. I also congratulated API for being the viable answer to US based 'fact-tanks' like the 'Pew Research Centre' (PRC). PRC describes itself as a 'non-partisan fact-tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. PRC conducts research, media content analysis and other empirical social research,...' (PRC's website). It's heart-warming that API's vision is 'to become a leading opinion research think-tank in Africa, championing good governance by promoting access to credible data to support state and non-state actors.' (Source API's website). With three published surveys so far, since 2018, the sky is just their beginning.

Pof. Moghalu identified the following as some of the pre-requisites for sustainable social cohesion: Rotational presidency, economic competence of leaders at all levels, solution to youth unemployment via public-private partnership (PPP), reform of the education sector in order to retain 'brain capital' and make education more skill oriented, health sector reform, etc.

The panel discussion was a bit of an inter-generational dialogue, where the younger elements were advised to channel their youthful energy 'positively' in order to produce 'tangible results'. Activism should be managed for positive outcomes. The citizens should always hold their leaders accountable in order to keep them on their toes. There should be a bottom-up approach to governance. The dignity of the human person needs to be preserved via various government interventions...

There were 13 parameters employed for the assessment of social cohesion by the researchers: Identity, Trust, Social justice, Participation & patriotism, Natural resource governance, Gender equity, Impunity, Corruption, Peace-building, Polarisation, Coping strategies (resilience), Self worth & Future expectations...The social cohesion index for 2022 is 39.6%, which remains below the average SC index of 50%. This implies a weakening state of social cohesion in Nigeria, occasioned by the deepening fault-lines and increasing polarisation along ethnic, religious, economic and political lines. A number of recommendations were made to make things right in the country (See pp. 22-24 of the #NSCS2022 Report - Executive Summary).

A high point of the event was the investiture of Prof. Bell Ihua, ED API, as an Ambassador of the National Population Commission (NPC). Kudos to the API team for this report. I look forward to an update next year...  

Thursday 22 September 2022


The third National Entertainment & Peace Summit was held in Abuja on the 21st of September, 2022.The theme was: 'The role of the entertainment industry in facilitating peaceful elections in Nigeria'. It was indeed a prelude to the 'World Peace Day' celebrated the next day.

Photo L-R: Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa, Mrs. Dayo Benjamins-Laniyi (Politician/MD Doxa Digital) & Romeo14 (Artiste)

The thrust of my presentation at the Summit was that the entertainment industry has the numbers to ensure the effective dissemination of positive messages that would support the work of INEC towards peaceful elections in 2023. The youth are hooked on entertainment - music, drama, skits, social media, etc. The youth are about sixty percent of the populace (conservative estimate). Therefore artistes should be mindful of their story lines in soap operas, stage performance, skits, etc. Instead of acting out mundane story lines, they should encourage scripts that promote societal harmony, inclusivity, respect for human rights, zero tolerance for vote buying and selling, allude to the fact that vote rigging is a crime, etc. I emphasised that there can be no peace without justice...

                                                Photo L-R: Dayo & Mrs. Benjamins-Laniyi

Mrs. Bejamins-Laniyi said all hands must be on deck to ensure peaceful, credible and fair elections. All politicians should be resolute about keeping their supporters in check, while explaing the importance of non-violence. Other speakers spoke in similar vein...The bottom line is that the entertainment industry, if 'properly' harnessed, could be a veritable tool for ensuring peaceful elections in Nigeria...I look forward to the fourth edition of the Summit in 2003...

                                                      Photo: Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa


Thursday 11 August 2022


The 'National Conference on the Management of Farmer-Herder Relations in Nigeria: Prospects for greater synergy' was held at the Institute for Peace & Conflict Resolution (IPCR) on the 10th of August 2022. I was a valued stakeholder at the parley. The Co-conveners of the conference were Neem Foundation and Karuna Centre for Peace-building.

Photo L-R: Gen. Martin Luther Agwai (Retired Chief of Defense Staff/Chair of conference) & Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa (Independent Conflict Transformation Strategist/Former Director, IPCR)

The major sub-themes were:

*Mitigation of farmer-herder clashes in Nigeria (Moderated by Prof. Muhammad Isa Kabir)

*Opportunities for greater synergy for farmers & herders in Nigeria (Moderated by Dr. Joseph Ochogwu - IPCR)

Some of the participants were:

*Gen. Martin Luther Agwai - Retired Chief of Defense Staff/Chair of Conference

*Dr. Bakut tswah Bakut - DG IPCR

*Dr. Fatima Akilu - ED Neem Foundation

*Ms. Polly Byers - ED Karuna Centre for Peace-building

*HRH, Alhaji Aliyu Ogah Anawo (OON) - Andoma of Doma

*Dr. Emmanuel Akabe - Deputy Governor, Nasarawa state

*Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa - Independent Conflict Transformation Strategist/Former Director, IPCR

*Ms. Priscilla Achakpa - Global President, Women Environment Programme (WEP)

*Prof. Nana Tanko - ED, Victim Support Fund (VSF)

*Chris Ngwodo - DG National Early Warning & Early Response (EWER), Office of the Vice President

Photo L-R: Ms. Polly Byers (ED Karuna Centre for Peace-building/Co-convener of conference) & Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa 

Photo L-R: Dr. Fatima Akilu (ED Neem Foundation/Co-convener of conference) & Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa

The major thrust of my submission at the parley was that there should be palpable synergy among stakeholders operating in the field to mitigate the farmer-herder crisis in Nigeria. Let a thousand flowers bloom, but there should be coordination. The stakeholders should stop working in silos and collaborate for positive and sustainable impact.

Gen. Martin Luther Agwai (Rtd Chief of Defense Staff/Conference chair) said most of the drivers of crime and criminality stem from elite manipulation of facts, culture and religion. Therefore, we must train ourselves to see opportunities for peace and subsequently equality for all. We must work together to build a better and equitable Nigeria.

Dr. Emmanuel Akabe (Deputy Governor, Nasarawa state) submitted that ethno-religious crisis in Nigeria is a disease. We must work together to establish the root causes and deal with them decisively, lest we get consumed in the fracas.

HRH Alhaji Aliyu Ogah Onawo (Andoma of Doma) was worried about the fact that the farmer-herder conflict has evolved, while sparing no class, tribe or religion. Therefore, we must all evolve strategies to tackle these challenges in ways that ensure sustainable peace for us and those unborn. We must go back to our traditional methods of conflict resolution.

Ms. Priscilla Achakpa (President WEP) fingered climate change as one of the most significant and least talked about causes of conflict and violent attacks that affect Nigerians irrespective of orientation and background. There should be more gender sensitive response to the farmer-herder conflict in Nigeria.

Ms Polly Byers (ED Karuna Centre for PB/Co-Convener of Conference) alluded to the scenario where there is direct involvement in peace-building at the community, state and national levels where citizens are given tools and skills to address mutual challenges. This leads to sustainable peace at all levels. We should stop separating 'farmers' from 'herders'. Both groups are collectively 'farmers of Nigeria' - the former are crop farmers while the latter are livestock farmers.

For Dr. Fatima Akilu (ED Neem Foundation/Co-convener of conference), we must strengthen efforts to give credence to voices that provide positive and sustainable solutions for resolving conflicts that hurt our country...

In conclusion, the discussion was robust, multi-dimensional and sought sustainable solution for the farmer-herder quagmire. Climate change and the competition for the scarce natural resources - land and water remain the elephants in the room... 

2023 edition, 12th December... National conference on the management of farmer-herder relations in Nigeria - Protecting our communities initiative

There were presentations/situation reports from various LG areas in Plateau, Adamawa and Benue states...

L-R: Ms. Polly Byers (ED Karuna Centre for Peace-building/Co-convener of conference) & Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa



Monday 18 July 2022


The Corruption Anonymous (CORA) Whistle-blowing Platform a.k.a. 'Blow The Whistle!' was launched at Yar'Adua Centre, Abuja on the 14th of July, 2022. I was a stakeholder at the event. The platform enables citizens report cases of corruption anonymously. The initiative is the brain child of the African Centre for Media & Information Literacy (ACMIL) and Partners United, supported by MacArthur Foundation.

                                                  Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa @ the event

Some of the participants are:

*Representative of the Minister of Finance, Budget & National Planning - Dr. Zainab Ahmed

*Representative of the Chairman, Independent Corrupt Practices Commission (ICPC) - Prof. Bolaji Owasanoye

*Senior Programme Officer, MacArthur Foundation - Dr. Amina Salihu

*Coordinator, African Centre for Media & Information Literacy - Dr. Chido Onumah

*Independent Conflict Transformation Strategist - Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa

*Director, Public Policy Initiative, Yar'Adua Foundation - Amara Nwakpa

*Representative of the EFCC

*Representative of the Nigeria Police

*Representative of National Orientation Agency (NOA)

*Representative Code of Conduct Bureau (CCB)

*Representative Nigerian Financial Intelligence Unit (NFIU)

Photo L-R: Dr. Amina Salihu (Snr. Programme Officer, MacArthur Foundation) & Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa

After the formal launch of the CORA Tool on Partners United, there was a panel discussion on 'Practical Approaches & Best Practices for Incentivising Whistle-blowing in Nigeria'. The panel was chaired by Dr. Inya Ode (Lux Terra Foundation). The discussants were Oke Epia (OrderPaper Advocacy Initiative), Johnson Oluwadare (Presidential Initiative on Continuous Audit), Azuka Ogugua (ICPC), Ayo Olowonihi (EFCC Academy).

CORA is indeed a valuable addition to the already existing platforms for reporting cases of corruption...


Wednesday 6 July 2022


On the 29th of June 2022, the Close of Project Workshop for 'Transforming farmer-herder conflict in Nigeria through technological innovation and outreach' was held online via Zoom. Prof. Matthew Turner, Prof. Leif Brottem (Project Coordinator), Allisa Stark and others joined the meeting from the USA. Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa and invitees joined from Abuja. Prof. Azeez Olaniyan came through from Oye-Ekiti, while Dr. Saeed Owonikoko and his team of herders who had tested the Mapeo Mobile App shared their experiences from Yola! It was indeed a robust exchange across the ocean. I was and still is the Civil Society Lead for the project in Abuja. The project was funded by the American Embassy, Abuja. The  twelve-month project began in August 2021 and the cycle closes August 2022. Some of the key personnel in the project are:

*Prof. Matthew Turner - Vilas Distinguished Achievement Professor of Geography, University of Wisonsin-Madison, USA

*Prof. Leif Brottem - Associate Professor of Global Development Studies, Grimnell College, Iowa/University of Wisconsin-Madison: Oct. 2021-Present/Project Coordinator

*Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa - Independent Conflict Transformation Strategist/Gender Specialist & Former Director, Institute for Peace & Conflict Resolution (IPCR), Abuja/Civil Society Lead for Nigeria-based activities

*Prof. Azees Olaniyan - Professor of  Political Science, Federal University, Oye Ekiti, Nigeria/Nigeria-based academic team leader

*Dr. Saeed Owonikoko - Lecturer, Modibbo Adamawa University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa state, Nigeria/Lead, Toolkit pilot testing in Adamawa state, Nigeria

*Alissa Stark - Web Cartographer, University of Wisconson-Madison Cartography Lab ( a version of the Mapeo App for the use of pastoralists in Nigeria)

Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa presenting her paper titled: 'Remarks on the farmer-herder crisis in Nigeria' @ the Close of Project Workshop held @ the American Corner, Abuja

The papers presented at the Online Workshop are:

*Project background and overview of pastoral mobility vis-a-vis conflict - Prof. Leif Brottem

*Remarks on the farmer-herder crisis in Nigeria - Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa

*Presentation of Toolkit - Alissa Stark

*Toolkit experiences from Song & Gombi LGAs of Adamawa state, Nigeria - Dr. Saheed Owonikoko/Danjuma Musa/Manu Jibo

*The Mapeo App: Legal & policy considerations - Prof. Azeez Olaniyan

*Future direction/collaboration - Prof. Leif Brottem/Dr. Dayo Kusa/Dr. Saheed Owonikoko 

The first poster designed by Dr. Dayo Kusa when the Close of project workshop was to be held face-to-face @ IPCR, Abuja. The paucity of funds and logistic considerations changed plans to holding the workshop online, with Abuja invitees @ the American Corner...

About the project & the Mapeo Mobile App

The project addresses land access as a root cause of farmer-herder violence in Nigeria via strengthening conflict transformation mechanisms through US-Nigeria collaborative development of a Mobile Geo-spatial Toolkit. The kit would make adequate info on land resources more accessible/available to all stakeholders. The App would also be 'scalable' across Nigeria's farmer-herder conflict hot-spots. The project is in partnership with the Federal University, Oye-Ekiti & Modibbo Adamawa University of Technology, Yola. (Source:

The Mobile App is a customised version of the offline - first Mapeo Mobile Application (Digital Democray) for pastoralists in Adamwa state, Nigeria. The App would give the pastoralists control over the spatial data that they feel  would assist them in the mitigation of conflict over land use and  resources. The toolkit for the Nigerian team includes custom observations and options which the observations as well as icons and map tiles. (Source:

Photo L-R: Chrisantus Lapang (EWER Manager, Mercy Corps), Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa & Bryan Weiner (Search for Common Ground - SFCG)

The beauty of the Mapeo Mobile App is that it's an 'Open Source Platform', locally driven and team-oriented. It's adaptable to low band width environments. The data structure facilitates flexible information management for communities. The Google earth engine sets global standards for remote sensing analysis of land cover and other environmental data. Mapeo designed an Application Protocol Interface (API) to interact with real-time  Earth Engine data over email or website. (Source: Project Proposal to the American Embassy). 

The process for the selection of the toolkit pilot testing sites was systematic and inclusive in consonance with the standards of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA). The Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) of the testing of the toolkit is based on current UNDP guidelines for measuring projects' inclusivity, efficiency and efficacy towards achieving the following three goals:

1) Pace the Mobile Toolkit development.
2) Monitor the phases of production of the resource governance principles.
3) Organise the workshop according to pre-established criteria.
4) Execution of the media and outreach campaign

The goals are:

1) Develop a Mobile Geo-spatial Toolkit to strengthen conflict transformation mechanisms through US-Nigeria technology cooperation. This would improve access to land info.
2) Deploy the toolkit and conduct outreach ti increase its impact. Initiate national outreach and influence the debate on land governance and the farmer-herder crisis.

Some of the participants @ the Abuja end of the 'Close of Project Workshop': 2nd left front row: Chrisantus Lapang - EWER Manager, Mercy Corps, Abuja. 3rd left front row: Engr. Adams Otakwu - Concener of the 'Conference of Civil Society of Nigeria with representatives in the 774 LGAs in the country.

There was robust online discussion where Prof. Matthew Turner said that the use of polygons rather than simple points could be more helpful while deploying the Mobile App. Some commentators wondered if every pastoralist must own a mobile phone. The unanimous response was that it may not be necessary for every herder to possess a mobile phone. Traditional rulers, community leaders, district heads and other respected and trusted members of the community could hold at least one mobile phone with the Mapeo Mobile App installed on it in trust for the pastoralists in the area. A particular well known individual within the community could be saddled with the responsibility of disseminating the required information that would identify potential grazing spots while avoiding destruction of farmland...

Oscar Ekponimo, award winning AI/Robotics Expert/CEO of Gallery of Code, Abuja/Inventor of the Chowberry App was worried about the licensing structure for the App, etc. I guess the discussion between Oscar and Alissa should continue in order to further fine tune the App.

Next Steps:

1) It is obvious from the foregoing that the customised Mapeo Mobile App intended for the use of pastoralists in Nigeria, beyond Adamawa state where it's been tested, is work in progress, which needs to be constantly fine-tuned.

2) Further discussion is necessary between Oscar Ekponimo, Alissa Stark and other stakeholders for the evolution of the App into what is considered germane for the mitigation and indeed transformation of the farmer-herder crisis in Nigeria.

3) The ultimate aim should be the ownership of the Mapeo Mobile App by those for whom it's meant, the pastoralists in Nigeria. The farmers should not be left out of the discourse if we indeed wish to elicit harmony in that sector.

4) Because the Close of Project Workshop was held online, we missed out on critical outreach in Abuja to government agencies and other vital stakeholders. If and when there's more funding for the project, we should note that the outreach is still necessary.

5) The Press, the fourth estate of the realm, of which I'm a valued stakeholder (I was the first National Assembly Correspondent of the Guardian Newspaper at inception in 1983) is germane for the successful dissemination of the 'nitty gritty' as regards the Mobile App. Subsequent funding could make provision for training in Specialised Conflict Reporting - Reportage of Farmer-Herder Conflict in Nigeria. Many of the reporters have no clue as to the techniques of professional reportage of the conflict. Some of the current reports either in the 'traditional' or 'new' media actually contribute to the escalation of the conflict!

6) This project has definitely contributed to the strengthening of cordial relations between Nigeria and the USA. Such conviviality needs to continue.

7) Conflict Impact Assessment (CIA) of the App is necessary.While using the Customised Mapeo Mobile App, conflict could arise between and among pastoralists. Besides, even more complex conflicts could arise between pastoralists and farmers. What is to be done? I am a Chartered Mediator/Conciliator (Certified over two decades ago). In consultation with our formidable team, a robust conflict transformation mechanism specifically tailored towards relieving tension that occurs on account of the App could be developed. 

8) The gender dimension: We should note that not all pastoralists are male. Some women and girls are also pastoralists. They have special needs, separate from the men and boys. Could their needs be taken into account in the deployment of the Customised Mapeo App? For example, could there be designated polygons rather than specific points where female pastoralists could access water?   

9) The poor internet connection via Zoom/Google Meet, etc. frustrated me many times. We should continue to think of creative ways of making communication across the ocean relatively seamless...

10) The current language of the App is English, which most of the pastoralists and indeed farmers do not speak. In order to 'democratise' the App, there should be inclusivity as regards the use of language, starting with the Hausa language which most pastoralists and some farmers speak. Subsequently, other major Nigerian languages could be incorporated into the App.

The issues raised under 'next steps' are not exhaustive. The conversation continues off-line. Before I sign off, however, I must commend the leadership qualities of Prof. Leif Brottem (Coordinator of the project), who was under pressure throughout the project, working with a new set of 'colleagues' from Nigeria he hardly knew. He managed the cultural differences with dexterity, maturity and tact, while ensuring that the project continued against all odds. Bravo to every member of the team and our esteemed invitees. I appreciate you all...

                                           Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa facilitating @ the Workshop

     Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa outside the venue of the Workshop @ the American Corner, Abuja

Related Links

*Promoting peace & managing farmer-herder conflict: The role of Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) in Agogo, Ghana

*What Nigeria must do to stop farmer-herder clashes

*Herders against farmers: Nigeria's deadly conflict,,,

*9 facts you did not know about farmer-herder conflict in Nigeria

*ASUU seeks solution to farmer-herder clashes

*FFARN Policy Brief: The implications of the 'Open-grazing prohibition & ranches establishment law' for farmer-herder relations in the Middle-Belt of Nigeria

*Herders-farmers clashes today: Ecology, class & categorical politics in contemporary Nigeria

*The drought-migration nexus: Implications for socio-ecological conflicts in Nigeria

*Land, conflict, climate change & violence in Nigeria: Patterns, mapping & evaluation

*Pastoralism in Nigeria's Middle-Belt region: A resource or a curse?

*FFARN Policy Brief: Responses to conflicts between farmers & herders in he Middle-Belt of Nigeria: Mapping past efforts & opportunities for violence prevention

*FFARN Policy Brief: Seeking security & stability: An analysis of security responses to farmer-herder conflicts in the Middle-Belt region of Nigeria

*FFARN Policy Brief: Transnational dimensions of conflict between farmers & herders in Western Sahel & Lake Chad Basin

*The impact of the farmer-herder conflict on women in Adamawa, Gombe & Plateau states of Nigeria

*Prepared for peace: A cross-cutting conflict transformation toolkit for conflict & violent extremism in Northern Nigeria

*Report on the future of the Forum on Farmer-Herder Relations in Nigeria (FFARN): 2021 and byond

*Pastoralists vs arable farmers

*Resource use conflict between farmers and herders

*Pastoralist-farmers conflicts & the search for a durable resolution

*Socio-economic effects of farmer-pastoralist conflict

*Newspaper coverage of herdsmen-farmers conflict in central Tiv-land, Benue state, Nigeria

*Farmer-herder relations & conflict management

*Livelihood issues in farmer-herder conflicts

*Herder-farmer conflict in Nigeria: A threat to peace-building

*The political ecology of farmer-herder conflicts in Nasarawa state, Nigeria

*Herders vs farmers: Nigeria's other security crisis

*Only integrated livestock settlement can end farmer-herder conflicts

*The transformation of conflict between pastoralists & cultivators in Nigeria

*Jihadists, drought threaten pastoral life in Sahel region

*Device that pulls water from the air

*The application of Geo-spatial Analytical Technique in the...

*Nigeria: farmers & herders clash over land

*2016 Strategic Conflict Assessment of Nigeria

*Conflicts between transhumant pastoralists & farmers in Nigeria

*Nigeria's 'cattle colony' problem     https;//

*Land use conflict between farmers & herders

*An assessment of farmer-pastoralist conflict in Nigeria using GIS

*Arable land

*Agricultural investments & pastoralists

*From complementarity to conflict

*Transhumance # Pastoralism: Long-running Reindeer Movement in search of # Pasture Stoking Up Tension between Sweden & Norway

*How fake news fuels Nigeria's farmer-herder crisis

*Plateau: Farmer-herder forum suggests solutions to clashes    htps://



Tuesday 5 July 2022


 On the 5th of July 2022, I was a valued participant at the official launch of Abuja Municipal Area Council's (AMAC) Sustainable Energy Access & Climate Change Action Plan (SEACAP). The welcome address was delivered by Hon. Christopher Maikalangu, Executive Chairman, AMAC. Dr. Azizat 'Sola Gbadegesin guided us through 'AMAC's SECAP journey & the SECAP key findings, targets and action'.

                    Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa outside Johnwood Hotel, Abuja, venue of the event

AMAC became a signatory to the Covenant of Mayors in Sub-Saharan Africa (CoMSSA) after signing the political commitment document (PCD) in January 2021. In order to translate their political commitment into practical measures, CoMSSA signatories commit to developing and implementing a strategic and operational document called the Sustainable Energy Access and Climate Action Plan (SEACAP). The SEACAP is a key document that sets strategies, plans, targets, and actions for a sustainable and low greenhouse (GHG) emission development pathway...(Source: CoMSSA - SEACAP Executive Summary, AMAC-FCT June 2022...) See also CoMSSA wbsite -

L-R: Dr. Azizat 'Sola Gbadegesin (Climate Change, Energy & Resilience Officer, Local Government for Sustainability Africa - ICLEI Africa) & Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa

The major SEACAP pilllars are: Mitigation, Adaptation & Energy. Under the Mitigation pillar, 'By 2030. AMAC will reduce GHG emissions by 25% compared to business as usual and have a clean environment, sustainable clean energy supply, efficient transport system and integrated waste management system, in line with global best practice' (Source: CoMSSA-SEACAP Executive Summary)

Under the Adaptation pillar AMAC is committed to 'A resilient and sustainable AMAC that promotes the socio-economic well-being of vulnerable groups, and enhances the adaptive capacity of its economic sectors in a gender-responsive manner by 2030' (Source: CoMSSA-SEACAP Executive Summary). The gender aspect of this commitment is very important. Both sexes, especially women, need to be carried along since the environmental degradation affects men and women differently...  

Similarly, for the Energy pillar, 'By 2030, AMAC would have access to clean, reliable, efficient and affordable energy for all its populace for sustainable development' (Source: CoMSSA-SEACAP Executive Summary)

The foregoing commitments constituted harmonious music in my ears as a resident of AMAC-FCT from 2022 to date! I believe the promises would be fulfilled if all hands remain on deck and the level of political commitment is sustained...Bravo, AMAC-FCT...

                             Gbagyi Dance Troupe dancer entertaining guests @ the event

Gbagyi Dance Troupe still entertaining by pounding dry corn with pestle and mortar on the belly of one of them. What a feat!


Saturday 18 June 2022


 Between the 15th and 16th of June 2022, the Forum on Farmer-Herder Relations (FFARN) 'cum' SFCG conference was held in Abuja at the Wells Carlton Hotel, Asokoro. I have been a valued member of FFARN since inception. On the 15th of June, FFARN took stock of her activities so far (since 2017) when it was established as a forum of academics, practitioners and policy makers working towards the peaceful transformation of the farmer-herder conflict. FFARN members did their work at the conference with a view to making recommendations to the incoming administration in 2023 as regards what to do to mitigate conflict between farmers and herders.  

                Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa @ dinner (the Wells Carlton Hotel, Asokoro, Abuja)

About the Toolkit:

The Toolkit is labelled: 'Prepared for peace: A cross-cutting conflict transformation toolkit for conflict & violent extremism in Northern Nigeria'. I congratulate SFCG for employing the 'conflict transformation - CT' rather than the 'conflict resolution - CR' approach. I have a soft spot for the CT approach, the reasons why could detain us here...

                          L-R: Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa & SFCG's CEO, Shamil Idriss @ dinner

The toolkit includes the three fields of practice: PVE, DDR and SPRR and the four sources of conflict: violent extremism, conflicts among farmers and herders, vigilantism & banditry. The seven objectives for developing the Toolkit are:

*Conflict Transformation
*Risk Management

For a breakdown of the seven concepts above, please read the original text on SFCG's website. Lest I forget: A little bird told me that the Toolkit had such a strong influence on its audience that members of FFARN, who were earlier winding down and putting finishing touches to their White Paper on the Farmer-Herder crisis to the incoming government of Nigeria, said they were prepared to spend a few more days studying the contents of the newly launched Toolkit, with a view to incorporating relevant aspects of same into the method of formulating the White Paper/subsequent Policy Briefs! So you see, a good product like the Toolkit has no hiding place.

However, in my opinion, the Toolkit should be simplified for the Northern Nigeria audience, for which it is meant. This should entail translating the Toolkit into Hausa with pictorial illustration for the benefit of un-lettered citizens. The maximum number of pages for such a 'democratised' version should be four pages instead of the current English version of 102 pages! Once again, I congratulate SFCG for blazing the trail in the field of conflict transformation in Northern Nigeria.

                                     Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa @ the FFARN conference

                                                                        Dayo @ the dinner

                                                          Dayo outside the conference hall




The 14th of June 2022 was another day when a critical mass of the populace took stock of the low level of involvement of women and youth in the political process in Nigeria. The 'x-ray' was under the auspices of the Conference of Civil Society of Nigeria (CCSN) powered by the able leadership of the Convener, Engr. Adams Otaku. The thrust of the clarion call was for Political Parties to field women and youths as running mates in the 2023 elections.

Photo L-R: Dr. Dayo Oluyemi-Kusa & Mrs. Dayo Benjamins-Laniyi (MD DoxaDigital & FCT Senatorial candidate for the APC @ the just concluded 2022 Primaries)

About two months ago, the Nigeria Women Trust Fund (NWTF) challenged the Federal Government in Court and got judgement to the effect that the stipulated 35% affirmative action be respected at all levels of government. The implication of this is that in every establishment women should constitute at least 35% of the employed or appointed. Obviously, this has not been effected in Nigeria.

Conference banner

According to Adams Otakwu,we should note that of all the Political Parties, none fielded a female standard bearer for the Presidential slot. Less than 5% of gubernatorial candidates are women, while over 95% are men. Less than 10% of candidates for the Federal Parliament are women, while 90% are men. Less than 20% of state Parliaments are women, while 80% are men.

These figures fall far below the global average. In other climes, women constitute about 23% of the seats in Parliament according to the Inter-Parliamentary Union data. These abysmal statistics make it clear that the current process of recruitment into politics is skewed towards failure. Humanity cannot continue to walk on one leg, that of men.

All hands must be on deck to ensure the inclusion of women, youth, PWDs and other vulnerable groups in the political process...